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铜牛会战:健康教育联合常规护理在耐多药肺结核合并血栓患者中的护理效果及对心理波动的影响研究

2019-01-17来源:mz16医院网 点击:
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【摘 要】目的 在耐多藥肺结核合并血栓患者中实施常规护理联合健康教育对其心理波动影响以及护理效果的分析与探究。方法 将我院86例耐多药肺结核合并血栓患者分为两组进行研究:分别为对照组与研究组,各43例。对照组实施常规护理进行干预,研究组实施常规护理联合健康教育进行干预,对两组患者护理前后的抑郁、焦虑心理状况和疾病知识知晓率状况进行分析比较,并观察对比两组患者护理后的DVT发生状况。结果 两组患者护理前其抑郁、焦虑心理状况比较差异不明显,P>0.05;护理后研究组的抑郁、焦虑心理改善状况明显优于对照组,且P<0.05,差异有统计学意义。两组患者护理前的疾病知识知晓率相比较,其统计学无意义(P>0.05);护理后研究组的疾病知识知晓率高于对照组,且差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。两组患者护理后的DVT发生率均比较低,且研究组的DVT发生率低于对照组,差异有统计学意义,P<0.05。结论 在耐多药肺结核合并血栓患者中实施常规护理联合健康教育,可有效改善患者的不良心理状况,提高其疾病知识知晓率,并有效降低DVT发生率,值得推广。

【关键词】健康教育;常规护理;耐多药肺结核合并血栓患;护理效果;心理波动

Health education in combination with conventional nursing care of patients with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis merger thrombosis effect and on the fluctuation of psychological research

XUE Chun

Mianyang No.404 Hospital of Sichuan,Mianyang621000,China

Abstract Objective Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in merger of thrombosis in patients with combined conventional nursing health education effect on their psychological fluctuations as well as the analysis and to explore the nursing effect.Methods To our hospital 86 cases of multi-drug resistant pulmonary tuberculosis patients with thrombosis research is divided into two groups: control group and research group, respectively, the 43 cases. Control group routine nursing intervention, the team combined conventional nursing health education intervention, the two groups of patients with nursing before and after the depression, anxiety and aware of knowledge about the disease conditions carries on the analysis comparison, contrast and observation of DVT occurred after two groups of patient care.Results Two groups of patient care before the depression, anxiety, psychological status difference is not obvious, P > 0.05; Depression, anxiety of nursing after the team mental improvement status was better than control group, and P < 0.05, the difference was statistically significant. Two groups of patients aware of knowledge about disease compared with before treatment, the statistically insignificant (P > 0.05); After nursing team aware of knowledge about diseases is higher than the control group, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). The incidence of DVT after two groups of patient care are relatively low, and the team the incidence of DVT is lower than the control group, the difference was statistically significant, P < 0.05. Conclusion Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in merger of thrombosis in patients with combined conventional nursing health education, which can effectively improve the patient’s bad psychological condition, improve aware of knowledge about the disease, and effectively reduce the incidence of DVT, is worth promoting.

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